Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product encompasses the monetary value of all the goods and services that have attained completion, produced within the borders of a certain country and additionally should be within a defined timeline. The elements that make GDP distinctive is the fact that it encompasses all the public as well as private consumption, investments, government outlays as well as the exports, ignoring the imports that are occurring with the defined territory. In a nutshell, GPP presents a broad assessment of a country’s general economic activity (Higgs, 2015).

The HDI is a tool that the UN developed to assist in the assessment and consequently rank the levels of social as well as economic development in different countries through the application of the four set criteria. These include life expectancy at birth, the average years of schooling, and the expected number of schooling years as well as the gross national income per capita. Through the HDI, it is possible to track the variations in development levels over a certain course of time and additionally to offer comparison for the developments that are occurring in different countries. The creation of the HDI was meant to serve the objective of emphasizing that people along with their abilities need to be the decisive criteria for the assessment of the developments that are taking place in a country and not just the economic growth (Darvishan & Hakimzadeh, 2015). HDI are also applicable to the assessment of the national policy choices by asking the manner in which two countries that have a similar level of GNI per capita are ending up with dissimilar human development outcomes. These dissimilarities are applied in developing debates on the policy priorities by a government.

Inclusive wealth entails a monetary measure that is made if the summation of the natural, physical as well as the human assets. The natural capital encompasses the forests, land, fossil fuels as well as the minerals. The human capital is in reference to the population’s skills and education. The physical which represents the manufactured products encompass things as buildings, machinery as well as infrastructure. The reference point of the IWR is the fact that the productive base of a nation is dependent on the human capital, manufactured capital as well as the natural capital (Polasky, et al., 2015). The assessment of the human along with the natural produced capital that encompass the components of inclusive wealth provide a broader as well as a more comprehensive assessment of the performance of a country’s economy. Through the reliance on IWR as the economic measurement tool, countries will enjoy an innovative yardstick that will be offering them a new perspective relating to their economic performance in the recent decades. The measurement is better that the traditionally applied GDP in offering a reflection of the sustainable development of nations.

There are various attribute that make GDP a poor measure of a country’s economic progress. These challenges demerits include: GDP does not take into account the measurements of the quality of life in country. The quality is applied in the evaluation of the general wellbeing of individuals as well as societies in that it is wrong to confuse the quality of live with standards of living which relies on the primary income. Quality of life entails employment, wealth, physical as well as mental health and education among others Higgs, 2015). The fact that GDP fails to take the quality of life into consideration during its measurements makes it s limited measure of a nation’s progress. GDP ignores the impact that the informal markets have on an economy. It fails to address the activities of the black market where the money that is spent does not get regulated. The failure to comprehensively address the informal markets thus makes GDP a limited measure of economic progress of a nation. The fact that GDP has the tendency of overestimating the negative externalities which are the bad effects that third parties suffer following the production or consumption of a good or service makes it poor measures of economic progress. Whenever there is an increase in the GDP, there is also a concurrent increase in the adversarial externalities such as water and air pollution (Higgs, 2015). As GDP overestimates the negative externalities, it consequently limits it as a criteria for examining the welfare that between different countries.

Another measure that applies to assessing the progress of a nation is the genuine progress indicator (GPI). The advantages that come with GPI is the fact that it assists the policy makers to assess the well their citizen are doing both socially and economically (Hayashi, 2015). Human development index as an additional measure assesses the progress of a nation in three dimensions of human development. These include a healthy and long life attributed to the life expectancy at birth, knowledge attributed to the school enrollment rates and literacy levels as well as decent living standards seen via the GDP per capita. The ecological footprint as the additional measure assesses quantity of land as well as waters area that a human populations needs to be able to produce the resources they consume as well as to absorb its water via the available technologies.


Best NDA training after 10th

Best NDA training after 10th
Are you a student looking to kickstart your journey towards a career in the defense sector? Embarking on the path to becoming an officer in the National Defence Academy (NDA) can be both exciting and challenging. To equip yourself with the right skills and knowledge, choosing the best NDA training after 10th is crucial. One such academy that excels in providing top-notch NDA training is Manasa Defence Academy.

Manasa Defence Academy is providing the best NDA training to the students
At Manasa Defence Academy, students are not just prepared to pass the NDA entrance exam but are nurtured to become well-rounded individuals capable of meeting the rigorous demands of the defense services. Here’s why Manasa Defence Academy stands out as the best choice for NDA training after 10th:

Experienced Faculty: The academy boasts of a team of highly experienced and qualified faculty members who provide personalized attention to each student, ensuring their overall academic and personal growth.

Comprehensive Curriculum: The curriculum at Manasa Defence Academy is meticulously designed to cover all the aspects of the NDA exam, including Mathematics, English, General Knowledge, and Physical Training. Students receive a well-rounded education that prepares them to excel in all areas.

Mock Tests and Practice Sessions: Regular mock tests and practice sessions help students assess their progress and identify areas for improvement. This hands-on approach allows students to build confidence and minimize exam day jitters.

Focus on Personality Development: In addition to academic preparation, Manasa Defence Academy places a strong emphasis on developing the personality traits required of a future defense officer. Leadership skills, teamwork, and discipline are instilled in students through various activities and training sessions.

“At Manasa Defence Academy, we believe in nurturing not just students but future leaders of the Indian armed forces.”

Choosing the best NDA training after 10th is a crucial step towards a successful career in the defense sector. Manasa Defence Academy’s holistic approach to NDA training ensures that students are not only academically prepared but also equipped with the right values and skills. If you’re looking for a comprehensive and friendly environment to begin your NDA journey, look no further than Manasa Defence Academy. Your future as a defense officer starts here!

Literature Review and Proposal on Core Java

Literature Review
Core Java, Java programming or simply Java is a widely used and robust technology for software development and creation of applications. Therefore, Java is both a programming language and a platform. On the other hand, a platform is any hardware or software environmental setting where software developers run their programs. Therefore, since Java has its own environment (JRE) and API on which it runs, it is referred to as a platform. A person who might not have encountered Java might want to know where Java is used. According to the studies, there are approximately three billion devices running on Java. It means that there are many devices around the world where Java is currently being used. Some of the devices where Java is being used are (Levenick, 2006):

Desktop applications like the acrobat reader, media player, and antivirus among others
Several web applications such as
Mobile phone devices applications
Embedded system
Types of Core Java Applications
As has been seen in the description above, Core Java is a programming language that is used in the process of developing systems, software, and applications. It develops that have the capability of working on the local machine and the Internet. The most known features of core Java is that it is object-oriented, and it works across all the platform languages. Therefore, there are various categories of programs which Java can be used to develop them such as (Russel, 2001):

Stand-alone applications
An application is a type of program that runs on a PC or any computer under the OS such as Windows, Mac OS, Linux, or Android of a computer or a mobile device. The process of creating an application in Java is similar to creating a program using another programming language. A stand-alone application can either be a graphical user interface (GUI) based or console based. Console based Java programs are the types of programs that run on being prompt by a command. Furthermore, such programs do not display any screen based on GUI. The output of such programs is console-based (Fain, 2011).

Figure 1: Console based Java Program
GUI based program are the type of Java programs that run stand-alone and can accept input from the user through a GUI based screen.

Figure 2: GUI-based Java Program
Web Applications
Web applications are the Java applications whose nature is based on the web. They are simply web-based, and they require a web browser to execute them. The web-based Java applications use a Server to store data. Every time a user sends a request to have the application executed, the user request is passed on to the server for an appropriate reply. Web-based applications come as an Applet or a Servlet.

Applets: These are Java programs that cannot work in any other environment except on the Internet. Therefore, they are specifically created for that purpose. These programs run through a browser embedded with a Java such as Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Netscape among others. Applets are created through any Java development tool. It cannot work on the Internet without it being contained within a web page. Java Applets programs include games developments and visual effects among others (Gladychev, Patel, & O’Mahony, 1998).
Figure 3: A Java Applet Program Screen
Servlets: Java is also appropriate for development of web-based n-tier applications. In a web-based Java application, the client sends a request to a server. The server accepts the request and processes it and sends a response to the client. The Java Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) on the server side address the program processes and request of the client’s response. The server sides APIs extend their capabilities of the standard Java APIs and are referred to as Java servlets or server side applets. An HTML processing of a form is a simple use of servlets. The servlets can also process databases as well as performing server side transactions. Servlets execute through web servers (Hunter & Crawford, 1998).
Distributed Applications

Distributed applications require a server to run. Additionally, the applications use several servers simultaneously to back up the data and information and prevent any losses that might occur. They are also called enterprise applications. Such applications include banking applications, and they are advantageous in that they have a high level of security, clustering, and load balancing. EJB is used to create enterprise applications in a Java development environment.

Database applications: They are distributed applications that use the JDBC API to connect to the database. They could either be applications or applets. However, applets may face security challenges in the database connections (Morgenthal, 1998).
Client Server Applications
Client server applications cannot execute without the availability of web technology. Therefore, they are web dependent. The application follows a less complicated Client-Server model in which a client sends a request to the server directly. Examples of such applications are Yahoo Chat. They are developed in Core Java and Web technologies (Kleinov & Lehmann, 2002).

I will be attached to a company in the position of an intern as the software developer using Core Java. The software development process will largely entail a systematic research process to ensure that the development process is conducted according to the requirement, and it delivers the expected results. The internship will be a subdivision of four iterations where each of the iterations will entail different tasks and activiti

Iteration 1: Orientation – It includes an introduction to the company’s management, employees, and its code of conducts and operations. Furthermore, I will be introduced to the software development team and the department of IT from where I will be working.

Iteration 2: Training – The iteration includes being guided in the process of software development life cycle by the company’s experts in the development process. I will also be introduced to the company’s specific guidelines to the software development such as punctuality and adhering to professional ethics in the process.

Iteration 3: Gathering SDLC tools – The iteration includes collaborating with the software development team to identify and gather all the tools that the implementation phase will require. This includes setting up the computers on which the development will take place and installation the computers will necessary software as well as the JDK (Saini & Kaur, 2014).

Iteration 4: Implementation – The activities of the iteration will include the actual development of the software using Core Java. Therefore, we will follow the SDLC process from the first step to the last step.