Literature Review and Proposal on Core Java

Literature Review
Core Java, Java programming or simply Java is a widely used and robust technology for software development and creation of applications. Therefore, Java is both a programming language and a platform. On the other hand, a platform is any hardware or software environmental setting where software developers run their programs. Therefore, since Java has its own environment (JRE) and API on which it runs, it is referred to as a platform. A person who might not have encountered Java might want to know where Java is used. According to the studies, there are approximately three billion devices running on Java. It means that there are many devices around the world where Java is currently being used. Some of the devices where Java is being used are (Levenick, 2006):

Desktop applications like the acrobat reader, media player, and antivirus among others
Several web applications such as javapoint.com
Mobile phone devices applications
Robotics
Embedded system
Types of Core Java Applications
As has been seen in the description above, Core Java is a programming language that is used in the process of developing systems, software, and applications. It develops that have the capability of working on the local machine and the Internet. The most known features of core Java is that it is object-oriented, and it works across all the platform languages. Therefore, there are various categories of programs which Java can be used to develop them such as (Russel, 2001):

Stand-alone applications
An application is a type of program that runs on a PC or any computer under the OS such as Windows, Mac OS, Linux, or Android of a computer or a mobile device. The process of creating an application in Java is similar to creating a program using another programming language. A stand-alone application can either be a graphical user interface (GUI) based or console based. Console based Java programs are the types of programs that run on being prompt by a command. Furthermore, such programs do not display any screen based on GUI. The output of such programs is console-based (Fain, 2011).

Figure 1: Console based Java Program
GUI based program are the type of Java programs that run stand-alone and can accept input from the user through a GUI based screen.

Figure 2: GUI-based Java Program
Web Applications
Web applications are the Java applications whose nature is based on the web. They are simply web-based, and they require a web browser to execute them. The web-based Java applications use a Server to store data. Every time a user sends a request to have the application executed, the user request is passed on to the server for an appropriate reply. Web-based applications come as an Applet or a Servlet.

Applets: These are Java programs that cannot work in any other environment except on the Internet. Therefore, they are specifically created for that purpose. These programs run through a browser embedded with a Java such as Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Netscape among others. Applets are created through any Java development tool. It cannot work on the Internet without it being contained within a web page. Java Applets programs include games developments and visual effects among others (Gladychev, Patel, & O’Mahony, 1998).
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Figure 3: A Java Applet Program Screen
Servlets: Java is also appropriate for development of web-based n-tier applications. In a web-based Java application, the client sends a request to a server. The server accepts the request and processes it and sends a response to the client. The Java Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) on the server side address the program processes and request of the client’s response. The server sides APIs extend their capabilities of the standard Java APIs and are referred to as Java servlets or server side applets. An HTML processing of a form is a simple use of servlets. The servlets can also process databases as well as performing server side transactions. Servlets execute through web servers (Hunter & Crawford, 1998).
Distributed Applications

Distributed applications require a server to run. Additionally, the applications use several servers simultaneously to back up the data and information and prevent any losses that might occur. They are also called enterprise applications. Such applications include banking applications, and they are advantageous in that they have a high level of security, clustering, and load balancing. EJB is used to create enterprise applications in a Java development environment.

Database applications: They are distributed applications that use the JDBC API to connect to the database. They could either be applications or applets. However, applets may face security challenges in the database connections (Morgenthal, 1998).
Client Server Applications
Client server applications cannot execute without the availability of web technology. Therefore, they are web dependent. The application follows a less complicated Client-Server model in which a client sends a request to the server directly. Examples of such applications are Yahoo Chat. They are developed in Core Java and Web technologies (Kleinov & Lehmann, 2002).

Proposal
I will be attached to a company in the position of an intern as the software developer using Core Java. The software development process will largely entail a systematic research process to ensure that the development process is conducted according to the requirement, and it delivers the expected results. The internship will be a subdivision of four iterations where each of the iterations will entail different tasks and activiti

Iteration 1: Orientation – It includes an introduction to the company’s management, employees, and its code of conducts and operations. Furthermore, I will be introduced to the software development team and the department of IT from where I will be working.

Iteration 2: Training – The iteration includes being guided in the process of software development life cycle by the company’s experts in the development process. I will also be introduced to the company’s specific guidelines to the software development such as punctuality and adhering to professional ethics in the process.

Iteration 3: Gathering SDLC tools – The iteration includes collaborating with the software development team to identify and gather all the tools that the implementation phase will require. This includes setting up the computers on which the development will take place and installation the computers will necessary software as well as the JDK (Saini & Kaur, 2014).

Iteration 4: Implementation – The activities of the iteration will include the actual development of the software using Core Java. Therefore, we will follow the SDLC process from the first step to the last step.

Find out the good UGC net commerce Coaching and get success in UGC net exam

If you are going to prepare for the UGC net commerce exam, first you have to a good UGC net commerce coaching, who will guide you properly in your exam preparation. A good coaching center for the UGC NET exam should be selected for certain reasons. They always offer the best study material, improving your ability to deal with different questions. Now UGC net coaching centers provide coaching in almost all subjects like UGC net commerce coaching or UGC net arts coaching etc. If you are preparing for UGC NET Online Class Subject Test, these coaching centers can be no better guide than this because they coach students through all the updated procedures like video lectures, mock tests, online test exams, etc.

They offer faculty videos and lectures for all subjects, which will help you get conceptual clarity about the exam subject. Previous UGC NET results are mentioned in front of students in every class to boost their confidence.

What is the UGC NET Exam?
To apply for Assistant Professor and Junior Research Fellowship posts in Indian colleges and universities, you need to clear the National Eligibility Test (NET), known as UGC NET or NTA-UGC-NET. It is an assessment test. Basically, the National Testing Agency directs this assessment for the convenience of the University Grants Commission. It was headed by the

Central Board of Secondary Education CBSE till July 2018, but since 2019 NTA has taken over the responsibility. This long, extended online exam is conducted twice a year, in June and December. This exam is very important for your career. If you pass this exam, you can qualify for the post of assistant professor; similarly, those who are planning to do a Ph.D. must pass this exam. Candidates eligible for UGC NET need not appear for the entrance exam for admission to Ph.D. The details of a good coaching center

If you are able to select a good coaching center for the UGC NET exam, then it will be very convenient for you. Most of the good UGC NET coaching centers publish well-developed combinations of questions with different difficulty levels of the UGC NET test series, which will help many to overcome all difficulty levels. Their UGC NET Mock Test gives an insight into what questions are likely to be asked. They have a UGC NET syllabus in every aspect of their education system. They design the mock tests to increase the speed and accuracy of the candidates and improve their overall performance.

For any UGC NET aspirants, previous year papers can help a lot. If the candidates practice the previous year practice papers they will fully understand how the questions are asked. Any good UGC NET coaching center makes their candidates practice lots of previous year questions. They think that through this the candidates are half made.

Why you have to choose a good UGC NET coaching center for NET JRF education:

A good
UGC NET economic coaching or other center always tries to offer the candidates with sound and effective study materials which are updated according to the latest syllabus. • They also offer interactive class scenarios, which means you can learn with open communication. • The coaching centers usually appoint highly trained, skilled, and experienced faculties that can be benefitted for you while preparing for your exam. They typically try to give the candidate exceptional guides and tips that will be highly effective for their examination.• You can be able to receive all information about the latest changes in the NET JRF examination. So you can be updated about these changes at all times.• It is such a type of study material that you can also use for self-study.

Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com) at Teerthanker Mahaveer University: A Pathway to Success

Teerthanker Mahaveer University (TMU), located in Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, stands as a beacon of excellence in higher education. Among its diverse array of programs, the Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com) degree holds a prominent position. This program is meticulously designed to equip students with comprehensive knowledge and skills essential for thriving in the dynamic world of commerce and business.

Why Choose B.Com at TMU?
Comprehensive Curriculum:
The B.Com program at TMU offers a well-rounded curriculum that covers key areas of commerce such as accounting, finance, marketing, economics, and business law. This broad spectrum ensures that students gain a thorough understanding of both theoretical and practical aspects of commerce.

Experienced Faculty:
TMU prides itself on its team of highly qualified and experienced faculty members. These educators bring a wealth of knowledge and industry experience, providing students with valuable insights and real-world perspectives that enhance learning.

Modern Infrastructure:
The university boasts state-of-the-art infrastructure, including well-equipped classrooms, computer labs, and libraries. These facilities provide an ideal environment for academic pursuits and research activities, fostering a culture of continuous learning.

Industry Integration:
TMU emphasizes the importance of bridging the gap between academia and industry. The B.Com program includes regular interactions with industry experts, internships, and workshops. These opportunities enable students to gain practical experience and stay updated with the latest industry trends.

Holistic Development:
Beyond academics, TMU focuses on the overall development of students. The university offers various extracurricular activities, including sports, cultural events, and leadership programs. These activities help in nurturing well-rounded individuals ready to face the challenges of the corporate world.

Specializations and Electives
The B.Com program at TMU offers a range of specializations, allowing students to tailor their education according to their career aspirations. Some of the popular specializations include:

Accounting and Finance: This specialization focuses on advanced accounting practices, financial management, and investment strategies. It prepares students for careers in accounting firms, financial institutions, and corporate finance departments.
Marketing: This stream delves into the principles of marketing, consumer behavior, and strategic brand management. Graduates can pursue careers in advertising, market research, and sales management.
Human Resource Management: This area covers the essentials of managing workforce resources, including recruitment, training, and organizational development. It equips students for roles in HR departments across various industries.
International Business: This specialization addresses global trade, international marketing, and cross-cultural management. It prepares students for careers in multinational corporations and international trade organizations.
Career Opportunities
Graduates of the B.Com program from TMU are well-prepared for a wide range of career opportunities. Some of the prominent career paths include:

Chartered Accountant (CA): With a solid foundation in accounting and finance, B.Com graduates can pursue additional qualifications to become Chartered Accountants.
Financial Analyst: Analyzing financial data and trends to provide insights and recommendations for business decisions is a key role for B.Com graduates.
Marketing Manager: Overseeing marketing strategies, campaigns, and brand development efforts are common responsibilities in this role.
Human Resource Manager: Managing recruitment, employee relations, and organizational development falls under this career path.
Entrepreneurship: Armed with comprehensive business knowledge, many B.Com graduates venture into starting their own businesses.
Alumni Success
TMU takes pride in its successful alumni network. Graduates of the B.Com program have excelled in various fields, contributing significantly to the corporate world, public sector, and entrepreneurial ventures. The strong alumni network also provides current students with mentorship opportunities and industry connections, further enhancing their career prospects.

Admission Process
The admission process for the B.Com program at TMU is straightforward. Prospective students must meet the eligibility criteria, which typically include completing higher secondary education with a minimum percentage in relevant subjects. The university also considers entrance exam scores and conducts personal interviews to select candidates.

Conclusion
Teerthanker Mahaveer University’s B.Com program stands out as an excellent choice for students seeking a robust foundation in commerce and business. With its comprehensive curriculum, experienced faculty, modern infrastructure, and strong industry connections, TMU provides an environment conducive to academic excellence and professional growth. By choosing the B.Com program at TMU, students embark on a journey that equips them with the skills, knowledge, and confidence needed to succeed in the competitive world of commerce and beyond.